Chronic Respiratory Disease in Mining Communities in ...

    Chronic Respiratory Disease in Mining Communities in Marion County, West ia 167 using a Poulton spirometer (McKerrow, McDermott, and Gilson, i960). The mean of three readings after a practice blow was taken corrected to B.T.P.S. ; 6. a postero-anterior 14 x 17 in. radiograph of the chest, P.A. of hands, and lateral of the cervical spine; 7. a 12-lead resting electrocardiogram; 8 ...

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    International Classification of Diseases (ICD) Codes

    Note: The following conditions are defined by specific ICD codes for eWoRLD mortality data. For some conditions, mortality data for earlier ICD revisions are not presented in eWoRLD because 1) these conditions were not originally included in earlier versions of the Work-Related Lung Disease (WoRLD) Surveillance Reports, which focused on lung diseases associated with mining (e.g, Pneumoconioses ...

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    Industrial Dust Diseases. About Industrial Dust Diseases ...

    Oct 20, 2014 · Murray J, Davies T, Rees D; Occupational lung disease in the South African mining industry: research and policy implementation. J Public Health Policy. 201132 Suppl 1:S65-79. doi: 10.1057/jphp.2011.25.

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    Dust Diseases in Coal Mining Industry | Coal Services by ...

    Silicosis is a lung disease similar to coal workers pneumoconiosis in that it causes scarring to the lungs. Causes: Silicosis is caused by exposure to respirable crystalline silica or quartz dust. Respirable crystalline silica can cause fibrous or scar tissue to form in the lungs (silica induced pneumoconiosis) that reduces the lung's ability ...

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    Respiratory surveillance in mineral dust-exposed .

    31.10.2019 · Respiratory surveillance is the process whereby a group of exposed workers are regularly tested to ensure that they are not developing respiratory diseases that are known to occur from specific work exposures. The ideal of such surveillance is to reduce the incidence of such disease to zero but in practice, it often just reduces disease to a low, acceptable level. The respiratory surveillance ...

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    Factors influencing high respiratory mortality in .

    08.11.2019 · Mining releases a large amount of coal dust and methane into the environment and results in higher concentrations of particulate matter and sulfate, impairing coal miner's respiratory system, a condition known as coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP).

    Author: Ruoding Shi, Susan Meacham, George C. Davis, Wen You, Yu Sun, Cody Goessl
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    CDC - Mining Topic - Respiratory Diseases - NIOSH

    02.10.2019 · Miners are at risk of developing a lung disease called pneumoconiosis because of their regular exposure to airborne respirable dust, and miners with five or more years' mining experience who are exposed to exhaust from diesel engines have an increased risk of dying from lung cancer.

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    Coal mining and chronic obstructive pulmonary .Traduire cette page

    The potential of coal mine dust to cause disabling pneumoconiosis has long been recognised, but research now suggests that pneumoconiosis is not the only respiratory hazard of coal mining. Over the last 30 years evidence has accumulated that miners also experience an excess of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and this has led the British Government to classify chronic bronchitis ...

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    A Comparative Analysis of Diseases Associated with Mining ...

    explain the prevalence of diseases. Mining alters the environment and allows disease causing pathogens and vectors to survive more freely than in other similar environments. Certain diseases such as upper respiratory tract infections, ear infections, sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS and syphilis, certain skin diseases and rheumatism

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    respiratory disease | Definition, Causes, & Major .

    Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing, including the nasal cavities, the pharynx (or throat), the larynx, the trachea (or windpipe), the bronchi and bronchioles, the tissues of the lungs, and the respiratory muscles of the chest cage. The respiratory tract is the site of an exceptionally large range of disorders for three ...

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    Chronic respiratory disease in mining .

    Although the death rates due to chronic respiratory diseases suggest that these conditions are increasing in the United States, certain categories of respiratory disease there have a lower rate than is the case in the United Kingdom. However, the relationship between occupation and respiratory disease death rates differs in the two countries since the death rate for mine workers and labourers ...

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    Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two Gold ... · Fichier PDF

    The occurrence and severity of mining-related occupational respiratory diseases are said to be a function of the commodities mined, the length of occupational exposure, the levels of occupational exposure, with its concomitant diseases, environmental conditions, and individual's lifestyle [3]. According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), an estimated 2.34 million people die ...

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    CDC - Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program .

    08.08.2012 · Coal mining-related respiratory diseases can affect the gas exchanging tissues of the lungs. These lung tissues remove carbon dioxide and take up oxygen. The diseases can also affect the lung passages that carry air back and forth during breathing. The passages are called airways.

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    Current and new challenges in occupational lung .

    Changing trends in occupational respiratory disease occurrence. Across Europe there have been major shifts in the main sources of occupational exposure to respiratory hazards, from high exposures to mineral dusts at the beginning of the 20th century in large centralised industries (such as coal and silica dust in the mining sector and metal production) to low-dose allergens (e.g. flour and ...

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    Respiratory Diseases in the Mining Industry

    The two main lung diseases that affect miners, which are referred to as pneumoconiosis as a result of their regular exposure to airborne dusts, include coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), which is commonly referred to as "black lung disease" and silicosis.

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    Occupational lung disease in the South African mining ...

    The total cost, both internalised and externalised, of gold mining related lung disease represents 6 per cent of the 1996 wage bill and 2.6 per cent of the gold mining industry's contribution to ...

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    Why is mining-related lung disease on the rise?

    The passage of critical mine health and safety legislation in the late 1960s, along with advances in technology and safety practices, helped to decrease the prevalence of lung diseases for miners.

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    Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African ... · Fichier PDF

    Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African mining industry Gill Nelson* Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Background: Crystalline silica and asbestos are common minerals that occur throughout South Africa, exposure to either causes respiratory disease. Most ...

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    Occupational Disease in Mines | Ministry of Labour

    Overview. Occupational disease continues to be a leading cause of illness and death to workers in the mining industry. Between 2011 and 2015, there were 106 occupational disease fatalities in Ontario's mining sector, based on Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) data.Employers must ensure measure and controls are in place to protect workers from exposure to hazards that can lead to ...

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    Health Concerns for Silica in Outdoor Air | Danger in the ...

    Sep 25, 2014 · Silica exposure is a well-known danger for workers in mining and construction. With the spread of frac sand mining, however, silica air pollution has also become a danger for residents near sand mining and processing operations. Children, older adults and people with respiratory diseases are especially at risk.

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    Occupational respiratory diseases in the South .

    The PATHAUT database was the primary and common data source used for identifying mine workers with occupational respiratory disease in all three mining sectors (gold, diamond, and platinum). More comprehensive mining employment histories are recorded by the Medical Bureau for Occupational Diseases (MBOD) in Johannesburg. Until 1994, when the amendments to the ODMW Act were .

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